July 2022 was Earth’s sixth warmest July on record since global record-keeping began in 1880, 0.87 degrees Celsius (1.57°F) above the 20th-century average, NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information, NCEI, reported on August 12. NASA rated the month as tied for the third warmest on record, 1.12 degrees Celsius (2.02°F) above the 1880-1920 period, its best estimate for when preindustrial temperatures last occurred. The European Copernicus Climate Change Service rated July 2022 as one of the three warmest Julys on record, marginally cooler than July 2019 and marginally warmer than July 2016. Minor differences in the agencies’ rankings can result from the different ways they treat data-sparse regions such as the Arctic.

Figure 1 Land and ocean temperature percentiles, July 2022
Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average for July 2022, the sixth-warmest July for the globe since record-keeping began in 1880, according to NOAA. Record-warmest areas included parts of southern Europe and northern Africa, southern and eastern Asia, Brazil, Oceania, and southern Texas/northern Mexico. No large areas experienced record cold. (Image credit: NOAA/NCEI)

Land areas had their second-warmest July on record in 2022, with global ocean temperatures the seventh-warmest on record, according to NOAA. North America had its second-warmest July on record, Asia its third-warmest, South America its fourth-warmest, and Europe its sixth-warmest.

The contiguous U.S. had its third-warmest and 55th-driest July since 1895.

The year-to-date global surface temperature has been the sixth-highest on record, and the year 2022 is more than 99% likely to rank among the 10 warmest years on record, according to NOAA. However, it is only 10.5% likely to rank in the top five, and there is less than 0.1% chance that 2022 will rank as the warmest year on record, largely because La Niña conditions are now very likely to prevail for the rest of the year (more below).

Billion-dollar weather disasters, Jan-Jun 2022
Figure 2. The 20 billion-dollar weather and climate disasters that occurred in the first six months of 2022, according to Aon.

20 billion-dollar weather disasters so far in 2022

Earth had 20 billion-dollar weather disasters during the January-June period of 2022, according to the quarterly catastrophe recap from Aon. Thankfully, total disaster costs (including earthquakes) during the first half of 2022 were 24% below 21st century average. But drought losses were high in a year when a pandemic and a war were causing food price spikes.

The only weather disasters costing more than $5 billion globally were the June seasonal floods in China ($8.7 billion) and February flooding in eastern Australia ($7.5 billion). Adjusted for inflation, statistics from EM-DAT rate the 2022 Australian floods as that nation’s third costliest weather disaster on record, behind the 1981 drought ($19.3 billion) and flooding in 2010 ($9.9 billion).

The deadliest weather disaster so far in 2022 is the monsoon flooding in Asia. During May and June, these floods killed 770 in India, 102 in Bangladesh, 49 in Nepal, and 37 in Pakistan.

There were nine individual billion-dollar weather and climate events across the U.S. during the first six months of 2022, according to both NOAA and Aon.

An unusually long La Niña persists

La Niña conditions intensified during July and are expected to continue through the Northern Hemisphere summer and into autumn and early winter (86% chance during July-September and an 80% chance in September-November, dropping to 60% for December-February), NOAA reported in its August monthly discussion of the state of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, or ENSO. The odds of an El Niño event are no more than 6% into early 2023.

Over the past month, sea-surface temperatures in the benchmark Niño 3.4 region of the eastern tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W) decreased from about 0.2 degree Celsius below average to about 0.6 degree Celsius below average, as analyzed at tropicaltidbits.com. The range for “weak” La Niña conditions is 0.5-1.0 degree Celsius below average; the range for “moderate” La Niña conditions is 1.0-1.5 degrees Celsius below average. Using a slightly different base climatology, NOAA reported on August 9 that the benchmark Niño 3.4 value had dipped into moderate La Niña territory, at 1.0 degrees Celsius below average.

The forecast from NOAA and Columbia University’s International Research Institute for Climate and Society for the peak portion of the Atlantic hurricane season (August-September-October) is for a 80% chance of La Niña and a 20% chance of ENSO-neutral. If it were to happen, a third consecutive northern winter with La Niña in 2022-23 would be unusual but not unprecedented: Three-year La Niña sequences occurred in 1973-76 and 1998-2001. There have been no four-year La Niña sequences in NOAA data that extends back to 1950, although La Niña was present in five out of six northern winters from 1970 to 1976.

Atlantic hurricane seasons during El Niño events tend to be quiet because of increased vertical wind shear over the Atlantic. Given the current forecast, a seventh consecutive active Atlantic hurricane season will likely occur in 2022, even though the season is off to its slowest start since 2009.

CDAS Nino3.4 index, 8/12/22
Figure 3. Departure of sea surface temperature from average in the benchmark Niño 3.4 region of the eastern tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W). In this analysis, temperatures have ranged from 0.3 to 0.6 degree Celsius below average since mid-July. (Image credit: Tropical Tidbits)

The impact of the current La Niña event may be boosted by a negative Pacific Decadal Oscillation, or PDO. The PDO is an index of sea-surface temperatures across the northeast and tropical Pacific Ocean that reflects some of the circulation aspects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. The PDO can swing sharply from month to month, but usually it leans positive (warm) or negative (cool) for a few years at a time. Nearly every month since 2017 has had a negative PDO; July’s value was the lowest for any July since 1955 and the seventh lowest July value in NOAA data going back to 1854. When the PDO is negative, La Niña’s impacts often are more pronounced.

Arctic sea ice: 12th-lowest July extent on record

Arctic sea ice extent during July 2022 was the 12th-lowest in the 44-year satellite record, and the extent as of August 1 was the highest for that date since 2014, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center, or NSIDC.

Antarctic sea ice extent in July was the lowest for any July on record, beating out 2019.

Antarctic sea ice extent tended to increase slightly from the 1980s through the 2010s, but it has decreased notably from 2017 onward, whereas Arctic sea ice extent has decreased more consistently and dramatically over the past 40 years.

Notable global heat and cold marks for July 2022

The information below is courtesy of Maximiliano Herrera. Follow him on Twitter: @extremetemps.

– Hottest July temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: 51.7°C (125.0°F) at Death Valley, USA, July 12;
– Coldest July temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: -24.4°C (-11.9°F) at Summit, Greenland, July 27;
– Hottest July temperature in the Southern Hemisphere: 39.1°C (102.4°F) at Vallemi AP, Paraguay, July 25;
– Coldest July temperature in the Southern Hemisphere: -80.3°C (-112.5°F) at Concordia, Antarctica, July 8;
– Highest 2022 average temperature to date (Jan.-Jul.) in the Southern Hemisphere: 29.5°C (85.1°F) at Surabya AP, Indonesia; and
– Highest 2022 average temperature to date (Jan.-Jul.) in the Northern Hemisphere: 32.8°C (91.0°F) at Yelimane, Mali.

Major weather stations in July: 329 all-time heat records

Among global stations with a record of at least 40 years, an astonishing 329 set (not just tied) an all-time heat record in July. Eighty-nine of these stations were in the UK:

Nasu Kogen (Japan) max. 32.5°C, July 1;
Sano (Japan) max. 39.9°C, July 1;
Kuki (Japan) max. 39.2°C, July 1;
Toyota (Japan) max. 39.8°C, July 1;
Nose (Japan) max. 37.6°C, July 1;
Yao (Japan) max. 38.3°C, July 1;
Trebisov (Slovakia) max. 38.6°C, July 1;
Stropov (Slovakia) max. 37.5°C, July 1;
Presov (Slovakia) max. 37.0°C, July 1;
Krosno (Poland) max. 35.5°C, July 1;
Ueda (Japan) max. 38.8°C, July 2;
Tateshina (Japan) max. 36.0°C, July 2;
Miyama (Japan) max. 37.0°C, July 2;
Shiraz (Iran) max. 43.4°C, July 3;
Cape Parry (Canada) max. 25.8°C, July 6;
Zhangye (China) max. 40.3°C, July 6;
Mabian (China) max. 40.7°C, July 6;
Qingchuan (China) max. 40.2°C, July 6;
Linxia (China) max. 37.2°C, July 7;
Dongxiang (China) max. 35.1°C, July 7;
Xunyang (China) max. 43.2°C, July 10;
Huntsville (Texas, USA) max. 43.9°C, July 10;
Yongshan (China) max. 40.9°C, July 11;
Yanjin (China) max. 44.0°C, July 11;
Nikolskoe (Russia) max. 21.9°C, July 11;
Yixing (China) max. 41.3°C, July 12;
Heijiang (China) max 42.0°C, July 12;
Tongxiang (China) max 41.0°C, July 12;
Shaoxing (China) max 41.3°C, July 12;
Changxing (China) max 40.9°C, July 12;
Ribadavia (Spain) max. 43.5°C, July 12;
Soria (Spain) max. 38.7°C, July 13;
Lousa (Portugal) max. 46.3°C, July 13;
Kljuchi (Russia) max. 33.1°C, July 13;
Shepherd Bay (Canada) max. 29.0°C, July 13;
Khorramabad (Iran) max. 46.6°C, July 13;
Shiquan (China) max. 41.9°C, July 14;
Ourense (Spain) max. 44.1°C, July 14;
Zamora (Spain) max. 41.8°C, July 14;
Navacerrada (Spain) max. 33.4°C, July 14;
Braganca (Portugal) max. 41.3°C, July 14;
Vila Real (Portugal) max. 42.7°C, July 14;
Miranda do Douro (Portugal) max. 42.0°C, July 14;
Chaves (Portugal) max. 43.1°C, July 14;
Mirandela (Portugal) max. 45.2°C, July 14;
Pinhao (Portugal) max. 47.0°C, July 14;
Junlian (China) max. 43.4°C, July 15;
Angkan (China) max. 42.5°C, July 15;
Langao (China) max. 41.9°C, July 15;
Ziyang (China) max. 42.1°C, July 15;
Béziers Cap d’Agde (France) max. 40.4°C, July 15;
Torreilles (France) max. 39.6°C, July 15;
Valladolid (Spain) max. 41.1°C, July 15;
Valladolid AP (Spain) max. 39.6°C, July 17;
Pamplona Airport (Spain) max. 42.3°C, July 17;
Oviedo (Spain) max. 39.1°C, July 17;
Ponferrada (Spain) max. 41.5°C, July 17;
Gijon (Spain) max. 38.5°C, July 17;
Burgos (Spain) max. 39.3°C, July 18;
Beaulieu sur Layon (France) max. 42.7°C, July 18;
Biscarrosse (France) max. 42.6°C, July 18;
Cazaux (France) max. 42.4°C, July 18;
Chantonnay (France) max. 42.2°C, July 18;
Nantes (France) max. 42.0°C, July 18;
Rocheserviere (France) max. 41.8°C, July 18;
Paluau (France) max. 41.7°C, July 18;
Saint Gemme le Plaine (France) max. 41.7°C, July 18;
Nort sur Erdre (France) max. 41.7°C, July 18;
Cholet (France) max. 41.3°C, July 18;
Blain (France) max. 41.3°C, July 18;
Saintes (France) max. 41.1°C, July 18;
Niort (France) max. 41.0°C, July 18;
Cosse-Le-Vivien (France) max. 41.0°C, July 18;
Begrolles (France) max. 41.0°C, July 18;
Les Aubiers (France) max. 40.9°C, July 18;
St Nazaire (France) max. 40.9°C, July 18;
Tulle (France) max. 40.8°C, July 18;
Secondigny (France) max. 40.7°C, July 18;
Lisieux (France) max. 40.5°C, July 18;
Villiers (France) max. 40.3°C, July 18;
Lanmeur (France) max. 40.3°C, July 18;
Rennes (France) max. 40.5°C, July 18;
Caen (France) max. 40.1°C, July 18;
Dinard (France) max. 40.0°C, July 18;
Coudray (France) max. 39.8°C, July 18;
Ploermel (France) max. 39.5°C, July 18;
Conde Sur Vire (France) max. 39.5°C, July 18;
Coutances (France) max. 39.5°C, July 18;
Landivisiau (France) max. 39.3°C, July 18;
Brest (France) max. 39.3°C, July 18;
Rostrenen (France) max. 39.3°C, July 18;
Coulouvray (France) max. 39.1°C, July 18;
Cerisy La Salle (France) max. 39.1°C, July 18;
Fougeres (France) max. 39.1°C, July 18;
Chassiron (France) max. 39.1°C, July 18;
Noirmoutier (France) max. 38.7°C, July 18;
Auray (France) max. 38.4°C, July 18;
Limoges (France) max. 38.2°C, July 18;
Brennilis (France) max. 38.2°C, July 18;
Cap de la Heve (France) max. 38.2°C, July 18;
Ile de Groix (France) max. 38.0°C, July 18;
St Cornier des Landes (France) max. 37.6°C, July 18;
Lanveoc (France) max. 37.3°C, July 18;
Ile d’ Yeu (France) max. 35.9°C, July 18;
Dublin (Ireland) max. 33.0°C, July 18;
Dublin Airport (Ireland) max. 31.9°C, July 18;
Mullingar (Ireland) max. 30.4°C, July 18;
Mason St. Louis (Jersey, UK dependency) max. 37.9°C, July 18: New territorial record high for Jersey;
Jersey Airport (Jersey, UK dependency) max. 37.8°C, July 18;
Cap de La Hague (France) max. 32.8°C, July 19;
Dieppe (France) max. 40.4°C, July 19;
Touquet (France) max. 39.9°C, July 19;
Boulogne (France) max. 39.6°C, July 19;
Bavern (Germany) max. 37.9°C, July 19;
Wesertal (Germany) max.  37.6°C, July 19;
De Kooy (Netherlands) max. 36.1°C, July 19;
Gage (Oklahoma,USA) max. 45.6°C, July 19;
Kazalinsk (Kazakhstan) max. 45.2°C, July 20;
Hamburg-Neuwiedenthal (Germany) max. 40.1°C, July 20;
Uelzen (Germany) max. 39.8°C, July 20;
Möhrendorf (Germany) max. 39.5°C, July 20;
Boizenburg (Germany) max. 39.4°C, July 20;
Eschwege (Germany) max. 39.2°C, July 20;
Seehausen (Germany) max. 39.2°C, July 20;
Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel (Germany) max. 39.1°C, July 20;
Grambek (Germany) max. 39.1°C, July 20;
Lüchow (Germany) max. 39.0°C, July 20;
Gardelegen (Germany) max. 39.0°C, July 20;
Jena (Germany) max. 39.1°C, July 20;
Fulda (Germany) max. 38.9°C, July 20;
Genthin (Germany) max. 38.9°C, July 20;
Hannover (Germany) max. 38.9°C, July 20;
Dachwig (Germany) max. 38.9°C, July 20;
Potsdam (Germany) max. 38.9°C, July 20;
Colbe (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Soltau (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Rotenburg (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Schwarzburg (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Bad Hersfeld (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Bad Harzburg (Germany) max. 38.8°C, July 20;
Seesen (Germany) max. 38.7°C, July 20;
Göttingen (Germany) max. 38.7°C, July 20;
Bevern (Germany) max. 38.7°C, July 20;
Kirchdorf (Germany) max. 38.6°C, July 20;
Wesertal (Germany) max. 38.5°C, July 20;
Schwerin (Germany) max. 38.4°C, July 20;
Weimar (Germany) max. 38.4°C, July 20;
Rostock (Germany) max. 38.4°C, July 20;
Worpswede (Germany) max. 38.4°C, July 20;
Quickborn (Germany) max. 38.4°C, July 20;
Berlin-Buch (Germany) max. 38.3°C, July 20;
Braunschweig (Germany) max. 38.3°C, July 20;
Magdeburg (Germany) max. 38.2°C, July 20;
Nienburg (Germany) max. 38.1°C, July 20;
Kronach (Germany) max. 38.1°C, July 20;
Wernigerode (Germany) max. 37.8°C, July 20;
Marnitz (Germany) max. 37.7°C, July 20;
Ellwangen (Germany) max. 37.6°C, July 20;
Alsfeld (Germany) max. 37.6°C, July 20;
Erfurt (Germany) max. 37.6°C, July 20;
Boltenhagen (Germany) max. 37.5°C, July 20;
Sontra (Germany) max. 37.5°C, July 20;
Hohwacht (Germany) max. 37.5°C, July 20;
Schmieritz (Germany) max. 37.3°C, July 20;
Rosengarten (Germany) max. 37.2°C, July 20;
Freiburg (Germany) max. 37.0°C, July 20;
Leinefelde (Germany) max. 36.5°C, July 20;
Gross Lüsewitz (Germany) max. 36.5°C, July 20;
Teuschnitz (Germany) max. 36.2°C, July 20;
Harzgerode (Germany) max. 36.1°C, July 20;
Bremerhaven (Germany) max. 35.9°C, July 20;
Schleswig (Germany) max. 35.8°C, July 20;
Neukirchen (Germany) max. 35.8°C, July 20;
Hof (Germany) max. 35.2°C, July 20;
Oberharz (Germany) max. 35.2°C, July 20;
Fichtelberg (Germany) max. 34.9°C, July 20;
Kleiner Inselsberg (Germany) max. 34.7°C, July 20;
Wernigerode-Schierke (Germany) max. 34.6°C, July 20;
Wagersrott (Germany) max. 34.2°C, July 20;
Braunlage (Germany) max. 34.2°C, July 20;
Leck (Germany) max. 33.9°C, July 20;
Neuhaus am Rennweg (Germany) max. 33.6°C, July 20;
Fehmarn (Germany) max. 33.4°C, July 20;
Wasserkuppe (Germany) max. 33.2°C, July 20;
Schmucke (Germany) max. 32.6°C, July 20;
Abed (Denmark) max. 35.9°C, July 20;
Vestervig (Denmark) max. 35.3°C, July 20;
Billund (Denmark) max. 35.1°C, July 20;
Aarslev (Denmark) max. 34.5°C, July 20;
Odense (Denmark) max. 35.4°C, July 20;
Skrydstrup (Denmark) max. 35.9°C, July 20;
Tirstrup (Denmark) max. 32.4°C, July 20;
Linkoping (Sweden) max. 36.9°C, July 21;
Eskilstuna (Sweden) max. 36.2°C, July 21;
Malexander (Sweden) max. 35.9°C, July 21;
Norrkoping (Sweden) max. 35.6°C, July 21;
Gladhammar (Sweden) max. 35.5°C, July 21;
Jonkoping (Sweden) max. 35.3°C, July 21;
Visingso (Sweden) max. 34.8°C, July 21;
Prievidza (Slovakia) max. 38.6°C, July 21;
Mount Corvatsch (Switzerland) max. 14.0°C, July 21;
Sanmen (China) max. 41.8°C, July 21;
Zhuoxi (Taiwan) max. 41.4°C, July 22: New national record high for Taiwan;
Khorog (Tajikistan) max. 39°C, July 22; 
Murgab (Tajikistan) max. 28.4°C, July 22;
Stabio (Switzerland) max. 36.5°C, July 22;
Milan Malpensa (Italy) max. 37.8°C, July 22;
Brescia (Italy) max. 39.8°C, July 22;
Sobolevo (Russia) max. 32.7°C, July 22;
Shanshan (China) max. 43.1°C, July 23;
Ningde (China) max. 42.0°C, July 23;
Sanmen (China) max. 43.1°C, July 23;
Yongjia (China) max. 42.9°C, July 23;
Qingtian (China) max. 42.4°C, July 23;
Yongtai (China) max. 42.0°C, July 23;
Changle (China) max. 40.6°C, July 23;
Wenzhou (China) max. 41.8°C, July 23;
Xianju (China) max. 41.8°C, July 23;
Tiantai (China) max. 41.9°C, July 23;
Luoyan (China) max. 41.6°C, July 23;
Jinan (China) max. 41.1°C, July 23;
Dayu (China) max. 40.8°C, July 23;
Treviso (Italy) max. 40.2°C, July 23;
Szeged (Hungary) max. 40.1°C, July 23;
Fuzhou (China) max. 41.9°C, July 24;
Yong An (China) max. 41.2°C, July 24;
Sheng Shui (Hong Kong, China) max. 39.0°C, July 24;
Gaoyao (China) max. 38.8°C, July 25;
Khor (Iran) max. 48.7°C, July 25;
Alicante AP (Spain) max. 42.4°C, July 25;
Cremona (Italy) max. 40.4°C, July 25;
Shimian (China) max. 40.6°C, July 26;
Rongjiang (China) max. 40.2°C, July 26;
Jinhua (China) max. 41.3°C, July 27;
Chumpuruk (Russia) max. 36.4°C, July 28;
Maanshan (China) max. 40.6°C, July 28;
Shangyu (China) max. 40.3°C, July 28;
Segen Kyuel (Russia) max. 36.1°C, July 29;
Mount Shasta (California,USA) max. 41.1°C, July 29; and
Kushiro (Japan) max. 33.5°C, July 31.

During the period Jul 18-19, 2022, 89 stations in the U.K. with long-term periods of record set an all-time heat record:

London Heathrow AP (United Kingdom) max. 40.2°C;
London St James Park (United Kingdom) max. 40.2°C;
London Kew Gardens (United Kingdom) max. 40.1°C;
Manchester (United Kingdom) max. 37.7°C;
Liverpool (United Kingdom) max. 36.0°C;
Newcastle (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Birmingham (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Oxford (United Kingdom) max. 36.5°C;
Bude (United Kingdom) max. 36.0°C;
Northolt (United Kingdom) max. 40.0°C;
Bedford (United Kingdom) max. 39.5°C;
Coleshill (United Kingdom) max. 38.8°C;
Odiham (United Kingdom) max. 35.7°C;
Manston (United Kingdom) max. 36.2°C;
Wattisham (United Kingdom) max. 35.7°C;
Rothamsted (United Kingdom) max. 38.5°C;
East Malling (United Kingdom) max. 38.4°C;
Bingley (United Kingdom) max. 37.4°C;
Trawsgoed (United Kingdom) max. 35.1°C;
Langdon Bay (United Kingdom) max. 37.4°C;
Blackpool (United Kingdom) max. 37.2°C;
Hwarden (United Kingdom) max. 37.1°C;
Boscombe Down (United Kingdom) max. 34.9°C;
Benson (United Kingdom) max. 38.7°C;
Nottingham (United Kingdom) max. 39.8°C;
Wittering (United Kingdom) max. 39.9°C;
Marham (United Kingdom) max. 39.2°C;
Cranwell (United Kingdom) max. 39.9°C;
Holbeach (United Kingdom) max. 39.0°C;
Langdon Bay (United Kingdom) max. 37.4°C;
Scampton (United Kingdom) max. 39.9°C;
Herstmonceaux (United Kingdom) max. 38.1°C;
Leeming (United Kingdom) max. 38.8°C;
Hawarden (United Kingdom) max. 37.1°C;
Wainfleet (United Kingdom) max. 37.1°C;
Fair Isle (United Kingdom) max. 22.6°C;
Luton (United Kingdom) max. 39.0°C;
Stansed (United Kingdom) max. 39.0°C;
Reading (United Kingdom) max. 37.8°C;
Cavendish (United Kingdom) max. 37.7°C;
Alice Holt (United Kingdom) max. 34.8°C;
Brooms Barn (United Kingdom) max. 37.7°C;
Midenhall (United Kingdom) max. 39.0°C;
Lakenheat (United Kingdom) max. 38.5°C;
Wisley (United Kingdom) max. 38.6°C;
Carlisle (United Kingdom) max. 34.5°C;
Camborne (United Kingdom) max. 30.4°C;
Cardinham (United Kingdom) max. 31.4°C;
Plymouth (United Kingdom) max. 33.9°C;
Chivenor (United Kingdom) max. 34.8°C;
Middle Wallop (United Kingdom) max. 35.2°C;
Larkhill (United Kingdom) max. 35.7°C;
Shoreham (United Kingdom) max. 33.4°C;
Brize Norton (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Lydd (United Kingdom) max. 33.0°C;
Langdon Bay (United Kingdom) max. 37.4°C;
Keswich (United Kingdom) max. 34.3°C;
Church Lawford (United Kingdom) max. 38.7°C;
Pershore (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Shawbury (United Kingdom) max. 35.7°C;
Norwich (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Weybourne (United Kingdom) max. 38.6°C;
Leeds (United Kingdom) max. 37.0°C;
Leconfield (United Kingdom) max. 38.1°C;
Walney Island (United Kingdom) max. 33.9°C;
Shoeburyness (United Kingdom) max. 33.0°C;
Shap (United Kingdom) max. 32.8°C;
Sennybridge (United Kingdom) max. 32.5°C;
Sheffield (United Kingdom) max. 38.9°C;
Crosby (United Kingdom) max. 35.6°C;
Stoke on Trent (United Kingdom) max. 35.9°C;
Kingston Upon Hull (United Kingdom) max. 36.6°C;
Coventry (United Kingdom) max. 38.3°C;
Preston (United Kingdom) max. 35.5°C;
Kielder Castle (United Kingdom) max. 34.5°C;
Sutton Bonington (United Kingdom) max. 39.2°C;
East Midlands (United Kingdom) max. 39.0°C;
Gogerddan (United Kingdom) max. 35.7°C;
Durham (United Kingdom) max. 36.4°C;
Eskdalemuir (United Kingdom) max. 32.3°C;
Aboyne (United Kingdom) max. 31.8°C;
Leuchars (United Kingdom) max. 31.3°C;
Boulmer (United Kingdom) max. 30.5°C;
Strathallan (United Kingdom) max. 30.4°C;
Milford Haven (United Kingdom) max. 29.7°C;;
Inverbervie (United Kingdom) max. 28.6°;
Ballypatrick (United Kingdom) max. 28.4°C;
High Wycombe (United Kingdom) max. 36.6°C; and
Dundrennan (United Kingdom) max. 28.2°C.

Eight all-time national/territorial heat records set or tied in 2022

Eight nations or territories set or tied an all-time reliably measured national heat record in July, bringing the total of such records to eight in 2022:

Paraguay:  45.6°C (114.1°F) at Sombrero Hovy, January 1;
Australia:  50.7°C (123.3°F) at Onslow AP, January 13 (tie);
Uruguay:  44.0°C (111.2°F) at Florida, January 14 (tie);
Vatican City: 40.8°C (105.4°F), June 28;
United Kingdom: 40.3°C (104.5°F) at Coningsby, July 19;
Jersey (UK dependency): 37.9°C (100.2°F) at Mason St. Louis, July 18;
Taiwan: 41.4°C (106.5°F) at Zhuoxi, July 22; and
Hong Kong: 39.0°C (102.2°F) at Sheng Shui, July 24 (tie).

In addition, all-time heat records were set in July for all three of the Great Britain countries that are part of the United Kingdom:

England:  40.3 °C (104.5 °F) at Coningsby, July 19
Wales:  37.1 °C (98.8 °F) at Hawarden, July 18
Scotland:  34.8 °C (94.6 °F) at Charterhall, July 19

Two all-time national/territorial cold records set or tied in 2022

As of the end of July, two nations or territories had set or tied an all-time national cold record:

Montenegro: -33.4°C (-28.1°F) at Kosanica, January 25; and
Myanmar: -6.0°C (21.2°F) at Hakha, January 29 (tie).

Forty-four additional monthly national/territorial heat records beaten or tied as of the end of July

In addition to the eight all-time national/territorial records listed above, 44 nations or territories have set monthly all-time heat records in 2022, for a total of 52 monthly all-time records:

– January (11): Mexico, USA, Croatia, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Comoros, Mayotte, Maldives, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Montenegro;
– February (2): Papua New Guinea, Pakistan;
– March (3): Myanmar, Pakistan, Mauritius;
– April (3): British Indian Ocean Territories, Hong Kong, Chad;
– May (6): Chad, Morocco, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Vatican City, Mauritius;
– June (13): Saba, Jersey, Switzerland, Poland, Czech Republic, Japan, Tunisia, Slovenia, Croatia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Slovakia; and
– July (6): New Caledonia, Andorra, Portugal, Ireland, Denmark, Paraguay.

Seven additional monthly national/territorial cold records beaten or tied as of the end of July

In addition to the two all-time national/territorial records listed above, seven nations or territories have set monthly all-time cold records in 2022, for a total of nine monthly all-time records:

– March (2): Montenegro and Cyprus;
– April (2): Andorra, Laos;
– May (2): Vietnam, Thailand; and
– July (1): Montenegro.

Hemispherical and continental temperature records in 2022

– Highest temperature ever recorded in January in North America: 41.7°C (107.1°F) at Gallinas, Mexico, January 1;

– Highest temperature ever recorded in the Southern Hemisphere (tie) and world record for highest temperature ever recorded in January: 50.7°C (123.3°F) at Onslow AP, Australia, January 13;

– Highest minimum temperature ever recorded in South America: 32.2°C (90.0°F) at Pampa del Infierno, Argentina, January 17; and

– Highest minimum temperature ever recorded in January in the Northern Hemisphere: 29.3°C (84.7°F) at Kenieba, Mali, on January 15 (and again on January 30).

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Jeff Masters, Ph.D., worked as a hurricane scientist with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990. After a near-fatal flight into category 5 Hurricane Hugo, he left the Hurricane Hunters to pursue a...

Bob Henson is a meteorologist and journalist based in Boulder, Colorado. He has written on weather and climate for the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Weather Underground, and many freelance...